Centerpieces

Centerpieces
Common NameCenterpieces
Latin NameChilopoda

How to get rid of this?.To get rid of pest problem under control, inspection is the first and foremost step.

Any anthropod of class Chilopoda, which has a segmented body with one pair of legs per segment and from about 20 to 300 legs in total Centipedes can be found in a wide variety of environments. They normally have a drab coloration combining shades of brown and red. Cave-dwelling and subterranean species may lack pigmentation, and many tropical scolopendromorphs have bright aposematic colors.

Worldwide, an estimated 8,000 species of centipedes are thought to exist, of which 3,000 have been described. Centipedes have a wide geographical range, where they even reach beyond the Arctic Circle. They are found in an array of terrestrial habitats from tropical rainforests to deserts. Within these habitats, centipedes require a moist microhabitat because they lack the waxy cuticle of insects and arachnids, therefore causing them to rapidly lose water. Accordingly, they are found in soil and leaf litter, under stones and dead wood, and inside logs. Centipedes are among the largest terrestrial invertebrate predators, and often contribute significantly to the invertebrate predatory biomass in terrestrial ecosystems.

Centipedes have a rounded or flattened head, bearing a pair of antennae at the forward margin. They have a pair of elongated mandibles, and two pairs of maxillae. The first pair of maxillae form the lower lip and bear short palps. The first pair of limbs stretch forward from the body to cover the remainder of the mouth. These limbs, or maxillipeds, end in sharp claws and include venom glands that help the animal to kill or paralyze its prey.

Centipede reproduction does not involve copulation. Males deposit a spermatophore for the female to take up. In one clade, this spermatophore is deposited in a web, and the male undertakes a courtship dance to encourage the female to engulf his sperm. In other cases, the males just leave them for the females to find. In temperate areas, egg laying occurs in spring and summer, but in subtropical and tropical areas, little seasonality to centipede breeding is apparent. A few species of parthenogenetic centipedes are known.

The Lithobiomorpha and Scutigeromorpha lay their eggs singly in holes in the soil, and the female fills the holes with soil and leaves them. The number of eggs laid ranges from about 10 to 50. Time of development of the embryo to hatching is highly variable and may take from one to a few months. The time of development to the reproductive period is highly variable within and among species. For example, it can take 3 years for S. coleoptrata to achieve adulthood, whereas, under the right conditions, lithobiomorph species may reach a reproductive period in 1 year. In addition, centipedes are relatively long-lived when compared to insects. For example, the European Lithobius forficatus may live for 5 to 6 years, and the wide-ranging Scolopendra subspinipes can live for over 10 years. The combination of a small number of eggs laid, long gestation period, and a long time of development to reproduction has led authors to label lithobiomorph centipedes as K-selected.

This pest reproduces in mulch, leaf litter and other areas rich in organic matter like clogged rain gutters. These areas have the small insects the baby centipedes need. They often enter through gaps, under doors and openings in the home. A large amount of centipede activity usually means there is an environment conducive to their growth near the structure.
Much like spiders, centipedes are beneficial because they actively hunt other insects. However, they are equipped with modified front legs that can inject a painful sting although this rarely happens to humans. The sting has been likened to that of a bee sting. Their fast motion and lots of legs tend to make this a quite unpopular pest. They do not do any structural damage or otherwise affect your home.

Removing organic materials like leaf litter and thinning out mulch beds help to reduce exterior pest pressure, can help with those clogged rain gutters by removing the debris that this pest flourishes in, and closing gaps in homes to prevent this pest from entering also helps reduce the number that may enter your home. As always is best to call a Professional to handle this situation.

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